The modern period of text shorthand– LOL, IMHO, TFW, WTF and WHY (What Have You)– has nothing on the golden era of acronyms, initialisms and abbreviations that was the Apollo period. Here are 10 typical ones from the late ’60s.
JFK: John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th president of the United States and the one that dedicated his nation to putting a male on the moon before the decade was out. After Apollo 11, a confidential resident put a bouquet on his tomb with the note: “Mr. President, the Eagle has landed.”
NACA: The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, it was dissolved in 1958 and became NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. But while NASA is noticable “nah-saw,” NACA is only ever pronounced “En-Ay-Sea-Ay,” not “Nakka.”
LOR: “Ell-Oh-Arr” represents lunar-orbit rendezvous, by which a spacecraft would fly to the moon and after that separate into a lander and an orbiter. The completing plan, never used, was Earth-orbit rendezvous, where you send out parts of a lunar objective up from the Earth and they collaborate before going to the moon.S-IVB: The”
Ess-Four-Bee “was the 3rd and upper stage of the Saturn rocket that took astronauts to the moon. Unlike the other stages, which fired once and after that were discarded, this one had to fire once to get the astronauts into Earth orbit, and again for TLI.TLI: Trans-lunar injection,the rocket-propelled push far from Earth and towards the moon. TFA: Thanks For Asking!LM: The Lunar Module was as soon as understood as the Lunar Excursion Module(LEM), however in May 1966 the middle name was dropped due to the fact that it sounded too jaunty. The pronunciation stayed “Lem.”LLRV: The “El-El-Arr-Vee”(not “” Lurve”) was a lunar landing research lorry that begat the LLTV or
lunar landing training automobiles. Also referred to as the belching spider, the flying bedstead or the pipe rack, this unwieldy gizmo almost eliminated Neil Armstrong throughout a flight in 1967. He ejected with less than a second to spare.1202: OK, not an acronym, but the 1202 program alarm almost triggered the Apollo 11 crew to abort their landing, up until flight controller Steve Bales told themto go ahead. Thus when Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins were offered the Governmental Medal of Flexibility by Richard Nixon, Bales got one too, on behalf of the objective control team.PPK: Anything unofficial that astronauts desired to give the moon– golf balls, family photos, precious jewelry, stamps that would deserve a lot for having actually gone to the moon– entered the”pee-pee-kay”or Personal Preference Kit. It was the carryon baggage of the Apollo program.LOS:” Ell-Oh-Ess” means loss of signal, when ionization around a returning spacecraft cut interactions with the ground. In the 1980s, a network of interactions satellites solved the issue; before that,
re-entry meant an exciting, nail-biting duration of silence.